Supply Chain

China's 2021 Soy Imports From US Rise While Brazilian Shipments Fall

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China's soybean imports from the United States in 2021 rose from the previous year as it stepped up agricultural purchases under a trade deal agreed with Washington, while annual Brazilian shipments fell, customs data showed on Thursday.

The world's top soybean importer brought in 32.3 million tonnes of US soybeans in 2021, up 25% from 25.89 million tonnes in 2020, data from the General Administration of Customs showed.

Annual soybean imports from Brazil came in at 58.15 million tonnes, down 9.5% from 64.28 million in 2020, the data also showed.

Under a trade pact with Washington, China agreed to increase its imports of all agricultural products from the United States in 2021 by no less than $19.5 billion more than a baseline of $24 billion worth of imports in 2017.

While China ramped up buying of US farm produce including soybeans to fulfil the initial trade deal signed in January, 2020, delayed Brazilian exports in the first months of the year due to bad weather helped widen the US export window.

Soybean Imports

Crushers stepped up soybean imports in the early months of 2021 to process into soymeal to feed the country's pig herd that was rapidly recovering from the ravages of a widespread African swine fever outbreak.

Cargoes from Brazil, the world's top exporter and producer, were delayed after rains slowed harvest and exports from the South American country, which pushed Chinese buyers to US soybeans.

China bought 21.57 million tonnes of US soybeans in the first half of 2021, up 133% from 9.24 million tonnes in the previous year.

Shipments of Brazilian beans in the first six months of 2021 came in at 26.13 million tonnes, down 20% from 32.55 million tonnes in 2020.

Record Low Levels

Crush margins in China plunged to hit their record low levels in June, however, as hog margins fell, which reduced the appetite for soybeans from all origins.

Hurricane Ida hit major grains terminals in the US in the fall, right when the American soybean peak season started, delaying exports.

China brought in 10.73 million tonnes of US soybeans in the second half of 2021, down from 16.64 million tonnes in the previous year, while Brazil cargos came in at 32.01 million tonnes, up slightly from 31.73 million tonnes in the same period in 2020, customs data showed.

China's total soybean imports in 2021 were 96.52 million tonnes, down 3.8% from 2020, as falling margins weighed on demand.

For December, China's soy imports from the United States were 6.09 million tonnes, almost double compared to the previous month, customs data showed, as more cargoes arrived after earlier delays because of Hurricane Ida.

The figures were up 4% from the 5.84 million tonnes China bought from the US a year earlier, according to the data.

Brazilian shipments in December were 2.12 million tonnes, up 80% from 1.18 million tonnes a year earlier, but down 43% from 3.75 million tonnes in November, the data showed.

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