Food Drink Ireland (FDI), which represents the food and drink industry in Ireland, has said that the majority of businesses have faced "substantial increases" across a range of input costs over the past year.
The group surveyed its members in November to determine where costs are increasing the most.
Some 42% of food and drink firms have reported a raw material price increase of 20% or greater, while 69% cited a similar increase in energy costs.
Just over half (51%) of businesses have said that their packaging costs have gone up by 20% or more, while 39% have reported a similar rise in transport costs.
“The rate of cost inflation in the sector continues to rise across all the main inputs and this is now increasingly accompanied by supply shortages of these inputs," commented FDI Director Paul Kelly.
Food Commodity Price Increases
"Global food commodity prices for example are up 33% year on year according to the FAO Food Price Index. Food Drink Ireland surveyed member companies in July to assess the extent and impact of input cost increases."
In terms of the factors to which respondents attributed input cost inflation, all respondents (100%) considered global supply chain constraints either 'very relevant' or 'relevant' to the current situation, while 96% considered raw material shortages 'very relevant' or 'relevant' and 96% considered COVID-19 impacts 'very relevant' or 'relevant'.
The percentage of those that considered Brexit 'very relevant' or 'relevant' stood at 84%, down from 100% in a similar poll in July.
Looking ahead to the next six to12 months, respondents most commonly cited packaging as the input where further cost inflation was expected but most other input costs were expected to increase too.
“Our survey results are showing that cost inflation and also shortages of key inputs are worsening," Kelly added. "Whilst food and drink manufacturers work tirelessly to absorb increases within their businesses, rising inflation in commodity prices can quickly erode producers’ margins if they aim at keeping consumer prices down.
"Whilst general inflation is now over 5%, consumer price inflation for food and beverages is still less than 1% and costs will inevitably have to be passed on.”