The world's top consumer goods companies, making everything from instant noodles to soap and ice cream, are paying less for their raw materials and energy, but it may take time before shoppers see significantly lower price tags for their household goods.
Rising expenses for everything from sunflower oil to milk and grain have hit the packaged goods industry hard over the past two years, prompting companies to hike prices and helping fuel a cost-of-living crisis in many parts of the world.
Cost inflation rose during the COVID-19 pandemic and was exacerbated by Russia's invasion of Ukraine, which sent energy prices soaring to record highs last year. Energy costs have since dropped, however, and global prices for some commodities are rising at a slower pace.
Companies like Nestlé, Reckitt and Danone continued to raise prices for their goods sharply in the first quarter even though input price rises have eased and are expected to moderate further.
Cost of goods inflation will be "significantly" lower this year - the 5% to 9% level is what Reckitt is expecting versus 18% last year, the company's finance chief Jeff Carr said on a call on Wednesday to discuss earnings results.
Carr said that while salary costs have increased, commodities are a "mixed bag" and freight costs have declined. First quarter price/mix, rose 12.4% while sales volumes declined 4.5%.
Danone CFO Juergen Esser said in a post-earnings call with analysts on Wednesday that while labour costs, liquid milk and sugar prices are up, some other costs are down, so "we expect inflation to decrease through the year."
The maker of Activia yoghurt, Evian water and Aptamil infant milk raised first-quarter prices by 10.3% and volume/mix rose 0.2%.
It is unclear when companies may start passing on some of their lower costs to customers. On Tuesday, Associated British Foods said it does not expect many more price increases in the second half of this year, as costs including wheat, vegetable oils, freight and energy start to fall.
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'Not Yet Past Peak Pricing'
Companies including Unilever, which reports earnings on Thursday, acknowledged in February that the industry was past "peak inflation, but not yet past peak pricing".
Several firms have since made near-record price hikes: beverage giant Coca-Cola Co said average selling prices rose by 11% in the first quarter, while rival PepsiCo Inc said its prices gained 16%.
Many in the industry bought ingredients far in advance, when prices were higher, so it will take time for that to trickle through to the supermarket shelves.
"We tend to buy commodities nine to 12 months out," PepsiCo chief financial officer Hugh Johnston said.
"So to the degree that the rate of inflation decreases - and it will be a decrease in the rate of inflation, not deflation by any stretch of imagination - that's going to happen very slowly over the course of 2023."
Read More: Inflation, Slow Demand Still The Top Concerns For Retailers Globally: Survey
The European Central Bank is concerned that if food inflation keeps accelerating, it will have an outsized impact on consumers' inflation perception, potentially changing spending behaviour, pressuring wage demands and impacting interest rates.
P&G customers, particularly in the United States, continued to show little resistance during the quarter to 10% price increases, helping the Tide detergent maker boost its sales forecast and third-quarter margins. Overall volumes fell just 3%.
Similarly, Nestlé increased its prices by 9.8% during the quarter and sales volumes - which the company calls real internal growth - fell only 0.5%. CEO Mark Schneider said the European consumer had been more "resilient" than expected.
When a company can raise prices to a large degree "it highlights the value of their brands, the value of their pricing power" said Neil Denman, a fund manager at Reckitt and Unilever investor Sarasin & Partners.
"I think that's what we're going to see with companies through this year: which companies really have the ability to pass prices through in a difficult consumer environment?"